Equipment

Our main research interest is investigating anomalous behavior of solids. We are particularly interested in unconventional superconductors with a strong focus on ruthenates, Fe-based superconductors, uranium compounds, and organic superconductors.

We are able to grow high-quality single-crystals using furnaces such as a floating-zone furnace with temperatures up to 2500 Kelvin and various atmospheres up to 10 bar pressure. Samples are characterized by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy using X-ray diffractions, and our crystals are used for collaboration researches with other laboratories all over the world.

The interesting behavior described above emerges only at temperatures much lower than room temperature. In order to investigate properties of these phenomena, we use measurement techniques such as electrical resistivity, magnetic susceptibility, specific heat and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), in temperatures of down to 20 milli-Kelvin and in magnetic fields up to 17 Tesla.

Thus, we specialize not only in crystal growth but also in many measurement techniques that cover a wide range of temperature (0.02 - 2500 Kelvin) and magnetic fields (0.1 -170000 gauss). This allows us to study and understand many fascinating phenomena.

We are also active in developing measurement techniques to probe properties of solids more accurately and precisely under extreme conditions.

Material Synthesis

Box Furnace

Box furnace Upper: Super khanthal furnaces. They reach 1600 °C.
Lower: Muffle furnaces. They reach 1050 °C.

X-ray Diffractometer

X-ray diffractometer X-ray diffractometer for identification and characterization of samples.

Three Zone Tube Furnace

Three zone tube furnace Temperatures (Max. 1200 °C) in three zones can be controlled independently. This is useful for single crystal growth by chemical vapor transport.

Isotope Furnace

Isotope furnace This furnace is used when performing isotope exchange. Isotope exchange is achieved by annealing samples while circulating isotope gas in the furnace.

SEM and EDX

SEM and EDX SEM: Scanning Electron Microscope
EDX: Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy

Die Bonder

Die bonder Die bonder is used for making small devices.

Arc Furnace

Arc furnace This furnace is used for making alloy samples or welding metals.

Floating Zone Furnace

Floating zone furnace This is mainly used for single-crystal growth of ruthenates.

Laue X-ray Diffractometer

Laue x-ray diffractometer This is mainly used for crystal orientation analyses of samples.

Measurements at Low Temperature and in High Field

3He Refrigerator (Heliox)

Heliox Helium 3 refrigerator (Oxford Instruments) reaching as low as 0.3 K.

Three-Axis Vector Magnet

Three-axis vector magnet This consists of three superconducting magnets, and they reach 1 Tesla, 0.2 Tesla, 0.2 Tesla, respectively. We can control the direction of field.

Dilution Refrigerator (Cryoconcept)

Dilution refrigerator (Cryoconcept) There is a refrigerator in the 11 Tesla magnet (blue cylinder). This system can reach 16 mK + 11 Tesla.

Two-Axis Vector Superconducting Magnet + Dilution Refrigerator (Oxford)

Two-axis vector superconducting magnet and a dilution refrigerator (Oxford) A vector magnet and a dilution refrigerator. This can control the direction of field. This reaches 0.05 K and 5 Tesla.

Physical Properties Measurement System (PPMS)

PPMS This reaches 0.3 K and 7 Tesla.

Magnetic Property Measurement System(MPMS)

MPMS Magnetization measurement instrument with SQUID. This covers from 1.8K to 800K and to 7 Tesla.

Capacitance Measurement Probe (C-dipper)

C-dipper We can measure capacitance by inserting this into a helium vessel.

NMR and NQR

Glass Dewar

Glass Dewar A small Dewar for the nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) without a magnet. This is equipped with a N2 jacket, and reaches 1.3 K.

5 Tesla Transverse Field Split Magnet

5 Tesla transverse field split magnet We can measure field-angle dependence by rotating the probe. This is equipped with a N2 jacket and has excellent heat retaining property. We need helium transfer only every ten days.

NQR Dewar

NQR Dewar A Dewar for NQR without a magnet.

8 Tesla Transverse Field Split Magnet

8 Tesla transverse field split magnet We can measure field-angle dependence by rotating the probe. This transverse field magnet (max: 8 Tesla) has high homogeneity of a magnetic field for NMR measurement.

New 15T Magnet

New 15 T magnet This reaches 15 Tesla with high homogeneity of a field (10ppm/cm3). This is equipped with a N2 jacket, and we need helium transfer only once in a week.

Oxford 15/17T Magnet

Oxford 15/17T magnet This reaches 15 Tesla normally and 17 Tesla with a pump.

Dilution Refrigerator for NMR

Dilution refrigerator for NMR and the control panel A compact dilution refrigerator for NMR and NQR. This can be used in the above Dewars except for the glass Dewar. This reaches about 60 mK, and the samples are directly immersed into 3He-4He mixture. We have three dilution refrigerators for NMR and NQR, and one of them can be used for pressure measurements.